In Focus: PIAAC in Canada – What is the role of education in developing literacy and numeracy skills in the territories?
Where do Canada’s northern territories stand when it comes to proficiency in literacy and numeracy skills? The Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) goes a long way toward answering that question. Although previous studies have examined the determinants of literacy and numeracy of different groups within Canada, very few have specifically analyzed the populations of the country’s northern territories—Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut. Here we look at literacy and numeracy results for the region, with the aim of identifying the key factors contributing to the development of these skills.
Postsecondary Education and Skills in Canada: Findings from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) (2016)
This report uses data from the Survey of Adult Skills conducted under the OECD Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) to look at postsecondary education and skills of Canadians. It examines the level of postsecondary attainment in Canada and in an international context, and provides a detailed analysis of the relationship between postsecondary education and foundational skills. It should be noted that Canada participated in the first round of the survey in 2011–12, along with 23 other countries, all but one of which were OECD Member countries. Nine additional countries, six of which were OECD Member countries, participated in a second round in 2014–15. The analysis in this report was completed before the release of the second-round data, so the international information presented in the report uses data from the first round only. As such, the relative position of Canadian results may be somewhat different in studies of postsecondary education that use data from both rounds of the survey.
Skills in Canada: First Results from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC)(2013)
This report provides initial Canadian data from OECD’s landmark study of skills, the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). It offers results for Canada as a whole, as well as for individual provinces and territories. In addition, the report looks at the relationships between skills proficiency and a range of socio-demographic characteristics, and presents first results on the literacy, numeracy, and problem solving in technology-rich environments (PS-TRE) skills of Indigenous populations, immigrants, and official-language minority communities.
» Annex D – Tables for Skills in Canada (2013)
Literacy and numeracy among off-reserve First Nations people and Métis: Do higher skill levels improve labour-market outcomes? (2016)
This article examines the literacy and numeracy skills of off-reserve First Nations and Métis adults aged 25 to 65, focusing on the factors and labour-market outcomes associated with higher skill levels. In this study, individuals in the higher range for literacy and numeracy are defined as those who scored at Level 3 or higher (out of 5 levels) in tests administered by the 2012 Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC).
Insights on Canadian Society – Overqualification, skills and job satisfaction (2016)
Based on a self-reported measure of overqualification, this article examines the association between overqualification and skills among workers aged 25 to 64 with a university degree, using data from the 2012 Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). This article also examines the extent to which overqualified workers are dissatisfied with their jobs. Overqualified workers are defined in this study as university-educated workers who reported that they were in a job requiring no more than a high-school education.
Insights on Canadian Society – University graduates with lower levels of literacy and numeracy skills (2014)
This article examines the share of adults aged 25 to 65 with a university degree who have lower literacy skills, lower numeracy skills, or both, and the factors most likely to be associated with lower literacy or numeracy skills among university graduates. In this article, individuals with lower literacy and lower numeracy skills are defined as those who scored at Level 2 or below (out of 5 levels) in tests administered to survey respondents who participated in the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC).